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Long Beach, CA 90806

Other conditions

At the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles, our vastly experienced pediatric pulmonologists are able to diagnose, manage and successfully treat virtually any disease or disorder affecting the lungs, including:

Adenoidal Hypertrophy

Common among children, adenoidal hypertrophy is the inflammation of the adenoids due to an infection, allergy, gastroesophageal reflux disease or an irritant. The condition leads to chronic mouth breathing, a runny nose, sleep apnea, snoring, chronic sinusitis and Eustachian tube dysfunction. At the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles, we typically treat this condition with antibiotics to clear the infection, oral steroids to shrink the adenoids and surgery if medication is not effective.

Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency

An inherited condition, Alpha-1 leads to serious lung disease, also known as genetic COPD. Symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, recurring colds, non-responsive asthma, chronic cough with mucus, year-round allergies and bronchiectasis. At the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles, we offer accurate testing for this condition, as well as effective treatment options to reduce chronic inflammation and minimize symptoms.


Aspergillosis is an infection due to a fungus that’s naturally present in the air we breathe, but causes problems among individuals with a weakened immune system, lung damage and allergies. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, weight loss, fever and coughing up blood or discolored mucus. To treat aspergillosis, our lung specialists will administer antifungal medicine to clear the infection.


Atelectasis occurs when the lung either partially or entirely collapses. It may develop as a complication after surgery, or due to other respiratory issues, such as cystic fibrosis, lung tumors, fluid in the lungs or a chest injury. To treat atelectasis, our lung specialists will typically recommend therapy to re-expand the collapsed lung, as well as surgery to remove any obstructions.

Chronic Sinusitis

A common condition that causes the sinuses to become inflamed and swollen, sinusitis becomes chronic if it endures for eight weeks and is non-responsive to treatments. When resolving chronic sinusitis, our specialists will reduce sinus inflammation, ensure your nasal passages drain properly and identify and resolve the underlying cause of the condition.


A condition that causes inflammation in the upper airways, croup most commonly occurs in children and causes a barking cough. For serious cases, our specialists will administer inhaled medications and oral corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and swelling.


Very common among children, eczema causes itchy, red and dry skin that can severely detract from your child’s quality of life. At the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles, we are able to treat the condition and provide immense relief through the use of oral medications, steroid creams and therapy.

Exercise Induced Bronchospasm

Also known as EIB, this condition causes the airways in your lungs to shrink during exercise, making breathing difficult. To treat EIB, our specialists will prescribe inhalers to make breathing easier and preserve your ability to be physically active.

Gastroesophageal Reflux

Also known as GERD, gastroesophageal reflux occurs when the stomach’s contents flow back into the esophagus, causing heartburn. GERD is very common and can occur in adults and children. To treat the condition, we will first recommend lifestyle changes – such as elevating the head of the bed, remaining upright after eating meals and avoiding foods that worsen the condition. If conservative measures are unsuccessful, we will prescribe medication to treat the condition and resolve symptoms.


A medical emergency, hemoptysis occurs when the blood vessels that line the lungs’ airways become broken, causing the patient to spit up blood. As a number of factors can contribute to this condition, our experts will first identify precisely what caused your hemoptysis. From there, we will treat the underlying condition to prevent further complications from developing.

Immotile Cilia Syndrome

A rare and chronic lung disease, immotile cilia syndrome occurs when the cilia in the lungs are unable to move, causing mucus to become stuck in the respiratory tract. Our specialists are able to provide effective treatment for this condition, which typically involves antibiotics and assistance clearing the airways.

Interstitial Lung Disease

Interstitial lung disease refers to a group of conditions that cause progressive lung scarring, which eventually prevents your ability to breathe. Though the condition is irreversible, our specialists are able to slow its progression through specialized medications and oxygen therapy.


A congenital defect, laryngomalacia causes the tissues of the voice box to soften, leading to noisy breathing in infants. Through most cases resolve naturally by the time the child is 20 months old, treatment may be required if it persists. In these cases, our specialists will prescribe medication or perform surgery to resolve the condition.

Mast Cell Activation Syndrome

Also known as MCAS, mast cell activation syndrome is a disorder that impacts the mast cells, which are responsible for allergic reactions. Depending on which parts of the body are affected, it can create a number of uncomfortable and potentially dangerous symptoms on the skin, in the lungs and in the gastrointestinal tract.


Myopathy causes a weakening of the respiratory muscles that control the lungs, increasing your risk of lung infections and other issues. Our specialists are able to provide effective treatment for this condition, making breathing easier and preventing complications from developing.

Pectus Excavatum

This condition occurs when the breastbone sinks into the chest, sometimes leaving a dent. It is usually noticeable at birth, and will worsen throughout adolescence. For moderate to severe cases, our specialists will perform surgery to correct the condition and achieve a normal chest appearance.

Pleural Effusion

Pleural effusion causes fluid to collect around the lungs, causing shortness of breath, chest pain, fever and a cough. It is typically caused by an underlying condition, such as pneumonia, lupus or congestive heart failure. Our specialists at the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles are able to treat pleural effusion by resolving the underlying condition and draining the excess fluid, thus lessening symptoms and preventing complications.


Also known as a collapsed lung, pneumothorax typically develops due to a chest injury, damage from an underlying disease or medical procedures that involved your lungs. Though small cases of pneumothorax may heal on their own, our specialists are vastly experienced in resolving more severe cases that require medical treatment.

Pulmonary Embolism

When a blockage develops in one of the pulmonary arteries in your lungs, it’s called a pulmonary embolism. A life-threatening condition, it requires prompt medical care designed to remove the clot and prevent new ones from forming.

Reactive Airway Disease

Also known as RAD, reactive airway disease refers to the narrowing of the airways, which causes coughing, chest tightness, wheezing, shortness of breath and trouble breathing. Our specialists are able to treat this condition with specialized medications to open the airways, reduce inflammation and prevent flare-ups.

Respiratory Failure

Respiratory failure occurs when fluid builds up in your lungs, preventing them from releasing oxygen into your blood and removing carbon dioxide. A medical emergency, this condition requires rapid treatment with medications and potentially surgery.

Restrictive Lung Disease

Restrictive lung disease prevents you from fully filling your lungs with air. It’s commonly associated with underlying conditions, such as interstitial lung disease, sarcoidosis, obesity, scoliosis and neuromuscular disease. To treat the condition, our specialists will open the narrowed airways and improve breathing with medications, oxygen therapy and breathing assistance.

Sickle Cell Lung Disease

This condition occurs when patients with sickle cell disease develop high blood pressure in their lungs, causing shortness of breath and fatigue. A potentially fatal condition, our experts are vastly experienced in administering quick and appropriate treatment to resolve the condition and prevent complications.


A bacterial infection of the trachea (windpipe), tracheitis causes a deep cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing and a fever. A rare but life-threatening condition, tracheitis requires immediate medical attention. At the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles, our specialists are able to clear the associated infection and ensure you make a full recovery.

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If you or your child suffers from any of the diseases mentioned on this page, please know that relief is possible with expert care from our team of specialists at the Lung & Allergy Institute of Los Angeles. Please contact us today to schedule an appointment, and let us help you control your symptoms and get your condition under control.

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